Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas
of Learning and Development are equally important and inter-connected.
Play and Exploration
Children’s play reflects their wide ranging and varied interests and preoccupations.
In their play children learn at their highest level. Play with peers is important
for children’s development.
Children learn best through physical and mental challenges. Active learning involves
other people, objects, ideas and events that engage and involve children for sustained
Creativity and Critical Thinking
When children have opportunities to play with ideas in different situations and with
a variety of resources, they discover connections and come to new and better understandings
and ways of doing things. Adult support in this process enhances their ability to
think critically and ask questions.
The Early Years Foundation Stage: Themes and Commitments Areas of Learning and Development
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is made up of six Areas of Learning and Development.
All areas of Learning and Development are connected to one another and are equally
important. All areas of Learning and Development are underpinned by the Principles
of the EYFS. (see Areas of Learning and Development)
This section includes ideas for
activities and sample observations with links to the framework and future planning
for ‘next steps’.
Additional information can be found in the EYFS material:
4.1 Play and Exploration 4.2 Active Learning 4.3 Creativity and Critical Thinking 4.4
Areas of Learning and Development